Pengaruh Latihan Fisik dan Intervensi Kognitif Anagrams Untuk Memperbaiki Fungsi Kognitif Lansia: Literature Review
Keywords:Physical Exercise, Cognitive Training, Cognitive Function, Elderly
This literature review study is motivated by psychological problems that often arise in the elderly, one of which is a decline in cognitive function. Cognitive function declines with age, especially the elderly whose physical activity is limited. Cognitive functions include: executive function, visuospatial, naming, memory, attention, language, abstraction, remembering and orientation. This literature is intended to theoretically analyze the effect of physical exercise and cognitive intervention on improving cognitive function in the elderly. The literature review method was carried out on seven articles obtained from a number of Google Scholar and PubMed databases. The keywords for the article search were “Fysical Execution, Cognitive Training, Cognitive Function, Elderly”. The criteria articles used in English and Indonesian, published from 2010 to 2021. The results of this study showed a significant value, namely from the seven articles showing a value (p < 0.05), which means that there is an effect of physical exercise and cognitive intervention on improving cognitive function in elderly. Physical exercise and cognitive intervention are therapies that are believed to increase cognitive function scores in the elderly. The results of this study are expected to be applied by health workers to prevent cognitive decline in the elderly.
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