The Correlation between Self-Efficacy and Subjective Norm and its effect on Handwashing Behavior among School Students in Coastal Area

Authors

  • Nazliansyah Health Polytechnic of Pangkalpinang Ministry of Health Republic Indonesia
  • Ashar Abilowo Health Polytechnic of Pangkalpinang Ministry of Health Republic Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47028/j.risenologi.2021.61a.218

Keywords:

Self-efficacy, Subjective Norm, Handwashing Behavior

Abstract

The most effective method of preventing the transmission of diseases through hand is Handwashing. The objectives of study is to identify relationships between gender, availability of handwashing facilities, perception of self-efficacy of hand washing, subjective norm and hand washing behavior among school students in coastal area. The design of the study is a cross-sectional research. The method this article use is the multistage sampling technique was used for the sampling method in this study. First stages, the researcher used purposive sampling to identify the seven Public Elementary Schools in the coastal area of Belitung District. Further, the proportionate sampling and random sampling technique were employed in this study. The results showed 11.3% the students were not proper in handwashing. Regarding of self efficacy, the study also revealed that self efficacy was related to handwashing practice among school students in the coastal area. The subjective norm (?² =4.459, p < .05) also related to hand washing practice among school students. The conclusion is the specific intervention can be developed by health care provider using method of subjective norm and self efficacy promotion to motivate handwashing practice among school students in the coastal area.

References

Aisha, A., Baboucarr, J., Fatima, A. D., Sharifa, A. M., & Feryal, A. S. (2016). An overview of food safety knowledge and practices in selected schools in the city of Al Ain, United Arab Emirates. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 10(15), 511–520. https://doi.org/10.5897/ajmr2016.7917

Ajzen, I. (2012). The theory of planned behavior. Handbook of Theories of Social Psychology: Volume 1, July, 438–459. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446249215.n22

August Flammer, A. B. (2015). Self-Efficacy. Self-Efficacy, 4(1994), 504–508. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.25033-2

Bartle, T., Mullan, B., Novoradovskaya, E., Allom, V., & Hasking, P. (2019). The role of choice in eating behaviours. British Food Journal, 121(11), 2696–2707. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-04-2019-0222

Biezen, R., Grando, D., Mazza, D., & Brijnath, B. (2019). Visibility and transmission: Complexities around promoting hand hygiene in young children - A qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-6729-x

Biran, A., Schmidt, W. P., Varadharajan, K. S., Rajaraman, D., Kumar, R., Greenland, K., Gopalan, B., Aunger, R., & Curtis, V. (2014). Effect of a behaviour-change intervention on handwashing with soap in India (SuperAmma): A cluster-randomised trial. The Lancet Global Health, 2(3), e145–e154. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(13)70160-8

CDC. (2017). Handwashing: Clean hands saves lives: Fact sheet. https://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/fact-sheets.html

Daniels, S. M. (2010). Maintaining healthy hands. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 41(1), 14–15. https://doi.org/10.3928/00220124-20091222-03

Elviani, Y. (2013). Mencuci Tangan Dengan Benar Pada Siswa Kelas V Sdit an-Nida ’ Kota Lubuklinggau Tahun 2013.

Fries, K. E., Figueroa, A. M., Pickerign, H., Breda, K., & Eichar, S. (2020). Use of world health organization guidelines to improve hand washing efficacy. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 51(10), 453–456. https://doi.org/10.3928/00220124-20200914-06

Hayden, J. (2013). Health Theory. 1–10.

Kunkel, M. E., & Barron, F. H. (2011). Use of The Health Belief Model to Assess Hand Hygiene Knowledge , Perceptions , and Practices of Saudi Student Studying in The U . S . Presented to The Graduate School of Clemson University In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master. December.

Luby, S. P., & Halder, A. K. (2008). Associations among handwashing indicators, wealth, and symptoms of childhood respiratory illness in urban Bangladesh. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 13(6), 835–844. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02074.x

Nazliansyah, N., Wichaikull, S., & Wetasin, K. (2016). Factors Affecting Hand Washing Practice Among Elementary Schools Students in Indonesia. Belitung Nursing Journal, 2(4), 58–64. https://doi.org/10.33546/bnj.24

Ozcan, A., Ozdil, K., Kaya, S. S., & Sezer, F. (2020). Hand washing in primary school students using “demonstration, puzzle, dance, song”: A nursing project based on multifaceted skills training. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 51(4), 158–166. https://doi.org/10.3928/00220124-20200317-05

Setyautami, T., Sermsri, S., & Chompikul, J. (2012). Proper hand washing practices among elementary school students in Selat sub-district , Indonesia. Journal of Public Health and Development, 10(2), 3–20. file:///C:/Users/ASUS/Downloads/2642-Article Text-5018-1-10-20120911.PDF

Steiner-Asiedu, M., Van-Ess, S. E., Papoe, M., Setorglo, J., Asiedu, D. K., & Anderson, A. K. (2011). Hand Washing Practices among School Children in Ghana. Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 3(4), 293–300.

Suci, R. W. (2016). Serangga Air Sebagai Indikator Biologis Cemaran Air Di Sungai Cikaniki, Desa Citalahab, Tn. Gunung Halimun Salak, Jawa Barat. Risenologi, 1(2), 65–70. https://doi.org/10.47028/j.risenologi.2016.12.27

Talaat, M., Afifi, S., Dueger, E., El-Ashry, N., Marfin, A., Kandeel, A., Mohareb, E., & El-Sayed, N. (2011). Effects of hand hygiene campaigns on incidence of laboratory-confirmed influenza and absenteeism in schoolchildren, Cairo, Egypt. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 17(4), 619–625. https://doi.org/10.3201/eid1704.101353

Downloads

Published

2021-09-08

How to Cite

Nazliansyah, & Ashar Abilowo. (2021). The Correlation between Self-Efficacy and Subjective Norm and its effect on Handwashing Behavior among School Students in Coastal Area. Risenologi, 6(1a), 88–93. https://doi.org/10.47028/j.risenologi.2021.61a.218