Literature Review Efektivitas Latihan Aerobik Dalam Meningkatkan Fungsi Motorik Pada Lansia Dengan Penyakit Parkinson

Authors

  • Linlin Lindayani STIKep PPNI Jawa Barat
  • Dewi Marfuah STIKep PPNI Jawa Barat
  • Diwa Agus Sudrajat STIKep PPNI Jawa Barat
  • Eva Supriatin STIKep PPNI Jawa Barat

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47028/j.risenologi.2021.61a.220

Keywords:

Parkinson’s Disease, Aerobic Exercise, Effectiveness, Motoric function

Abstract

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease caused by a decrease in the amount of dopamine in the brain that plays a role in controlling movement due to damage to nerve cells in the Substantia Nigra Pars compacta (SNc) in the brain stem and abnormal protein aggregation in the form of Lewy bodies, which contain -synuclein. Parkinson's disease is characterized by the presence of dominant motor symptoms in the form of tremor at rest, rigidity, bradykinesia, and loss of postural reflexes. Physical rehabilitation can generally be used in patients with Parkinson's disease to improve health and relieve symptoms. Aerobic exercise is believed to promote fitness in Parkinson's patients and improve motor function in the elderly with Parkinson's disease. The purpose of this literature review is to determine the effectiveness of providing aerobic exercise in improving motor function in the elderly with Parkinson's disease. The implementation strategy uses a literature review technique obtained through an online search process on related research journals that have existed previously. The search was carried out through the PubMed database. Giving aerobic exercise is effective in improving motor function in the elderly with Parkinson's disease.

References

Carvalho, A., Barbirato, D., Araujo, N., Martins, J., Luiz, J., Santos, T., Coutinho, E., Laks, J., & Deslandes, A. (2015). Comparison of strength training, aerobic training, and additional physical therapy as supplementary treatments for Parkinson’s disease: Pilot study. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 10, 183–191. https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S68779

Dorsey, E., Elbaz, A., Nichols, E., Abd-Allah, F., Abdelalim, A., Adsuar, J., Ansha, M., Brayne, C., Choi, J.-Y., Collado-Mateo, D., Dahodwala, N., Do, P. H., Edessa, D., Endres, M., Fereshtehnejad, S.-M., Foreman, K., Gankpe, F., Gupta, R., Hankey, G., & Murray, C. (2018). Global, regional, and national burden of Parkinson’s disease, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The Lancet Neurology, 17. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(18)30295-3

Picelli, A., Varalta, V., Melotti, C., Zatezalo, V., Fonte, C., Amato, S., Saltuari, L., Santamato, A., Fiore, P., & Smania, N. (2016). Effects of treadmill training on cognitive and motor features of patients with mild to moderate Parkinson’s disease: A pilot, single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Functional Neurology, 31, 25–31. https://doi.org/10.11138/FNeur/2016.31.1.025

Schenkman, M., Moore, C., Kohrt, W., Hall, D., Delitto, A., Comella, C., Josbeno, D., Christiansen, C., Berman, B., Kluger, B., Melanson, E., Jain, S., Robichaud, J., Poon, C., & Corcos, D. (2017). Effect of High-Intensity Treadmill Exercise on Motor Symptoms in Patients With De Novo Parkinson Disease: A Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Neurology, 75. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaneurol.2017.3517

Uc, E., Doerschug, K., Magnotta, V., Dawson, J., Thomsen, T., Kline, J., Rizzo, M., Newman, S., Mehta, S., Grabowski, T., Bruss, J., Blanchette, D., Anderson, S., Voss, M., Kramer, A., & Darling, W. (2014). Phase I/II Randomized Trial of Aerobic Exercise in Parkinson Disease in a Community Setting. Neurology, 83. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000000644

WHO. (2004). Estimated Total Death, By Cause and WHO Member State 2002. Departement of Measurement and Health Information.

WHO. (2014). Parkinson’s Disease Death Rate By Country. causeofdeathin.com/Parkinson-s-disease-death-rate-by-country.

Downloads

Published

2021-09-08

How to Cite

Linlin Lindayani, Dewi Marfuah, Diwa Agus Sudrajat, & Eva Supriatin. (2021). Literature Review Efektivitas Latihan Aerobik Dalam Meningkatkan Fungsi Motorik Pada Lansia Dengan Penyakit Parkinson. Risenologi, 6(1a), 100–108. https://doi.org/10.47028/j.risenologi.2021.61a.220